What is a Peanut?
The Dwarf gene is
designated by a Capital D as the Dominant gene
and the Recessive gene is designated by a lower case d. All rabbits
will inherit one dwarf gene (either D or d) from each parent. Possible
pairings can therefore be DD, Dd or dd:
= True Dwarf /
dd = Normal / DD = Peanut
= True Dwarf
Those Dwarfs born with a Dd
pair of genes are desirable with small ear, cobby body and a smaller
size - - usually 2 1/2 lbs. or less. These are "True Dwarfs".
- Those Dwarfs born with a dd
pair of genes are still a Netherland Dwarf Breed, but are slightly larger
in size - - usually over 3 lbs. These are called "Normals" or "Big
Ugly Does" (BUD's) or "Brood Does" or "Big Ugly
= Peanut - Those Dwarfs born
with a DD pair of genes are smaller than
the normal and are referred to as "Peanuts". The double dwarfing
gene is lethal in a kit. Although born alive, the kits will not thrive
due to a comprimised digestive system. The rear end appears withered
and the kit is unable to digest food and flourish. The head has an unusual
cone shape to it. Within two to three days, the kit fades away.
Statistically the calculations look like
True Dwarf x True Dwarf
on average will produce 25% peanuts, 50% true dwarf's and 25% normals.
True Dwarf x Normal
on average will produce 50% true dwarfs and 50% normals.
Based on the above statistics, a true dwarf to normal dwarf pairing
will never produce peanut offspring. This is why Normal Does are good
for breeding because peanuts can be avoided if a True Dwarf Buck is
used. Breeders typically keep Normal dwarf does while the Normal dwarf
bucks (BUB's) are sold for pets. I most often use True Dwarfs for breeding
as I like to show my does a while before breeding them. If I use a Normal
(brood) doe, she must be balanced and have good dwarf type even though
she is bigger in size.